aNYTHING aboUT Cats::

hi Assalamualaykum all!!!

Anda suka kucing??? Ingin Tahu lebih mendalam tentang kucing???
Jika 'Ya'
Memang tepatlah pilihan anda untuk membaca blog Aena kali ini...huahua...

So, kali ni Aena nak share beberapa fakta,myth dan juga apa-apa yang menarik tentang makhluk ciptaan ALLAH SWT yang sangat lah comel ini.. Let us start by knowing the history of cats domestication.....jom baca Sejarah dulu apa2 pun...hehe...

**Historians previously accounted Egypt as the earliest site of cat domestication due to the clear depictions of house cats in ancient Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.
However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave was excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus that contained skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat.
**The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline-human association significantly. The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African Wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica), rather than present-day domestic cats.
** This domestication process occurred in Cyprus and the Near East, around the time of the development of agriculture.

Then..... jom kita tengok the anatomy of Cats....
Nak teropong apakah struktur dalaman kucing2 yang indah ini....jeng...jeng....

  • Cats typically weigh between 2.5 and 7 kilograms.Conversely, very small cats (less than 1.8 kilograms) have been reported.
  • The largest cat ever was officially reported to have weighed in at about 21.297 kilograms. The smallest cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1.36 kilograms.
  • Cats average about 23–25 centimeters in height and 46 centimeters in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 centimeters in length.
  • Skeleton of the cats are made up by:
*7 cervical Vertebrae like almost all mammals, 13 Thoracic Vertebrae (humans have 12), 7 Lumbar Vertebrae (humans have 5), 3 Sacral Vertebrae like most mammals (humans have 5 because of their bipedal posture).

*The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's enhanced spinal mobility and flexibility, compared with humans.

* The caudal (hujung) vertebrae form the tail , which is used by the cat for communication and as a counterbalance to the body during quick movements.

* Cats also have free-floating clavicle bones(manusia tulang bahu), which allows them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their heads.

*The cat skull is unusual in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.

*Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat.
*The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassials pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively.

Next jom tengok Senses of Cats........
  • Cats' night vision is superior to humans although their vision in daylight is inferior.
  • Cat eyes have a tapetum lucidum and cat eyes that are blue typically lack melanin and hence can show the red eye.
  • Humans and cats have a similar range of hearing at low frequencies, but cats can hear much higher-pitched sounds, up to 64 kilo Hertz.
  • A domestic cat's sense of smell is about fourteen times as strong as a human's.
  • Due to a mutation in an early cat ancestor, one of two genes necessary to taste sweeteness may have been lost by the cat family.To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable vibrissae (whiskers) over their body, especially their face.
How About Physiology Of the Cats???

  • Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older.
  • The daily duration of sleep varies, usually 12–16 hours, with 13–14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours in a 24-hour period. The term cat's nap refers to the cat's ability to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period.
  • Normal body temperature of a cat is between 38 and 39 °C (101 and 102.2 °F)
  • A cat is considered hyperthermic if it has a temperature of 39.5 °C or greater, or hypothermic if less than 37.5 °C . For comparison, humans have a normal temperature of approximately 36.8 °C (98.6 °F).
  • A domestic cat's normal heart rate ranges from 140 to 220 beats per minute, and is largely dependent on how excited the cat is. For a cat at rest, the average heart rate usually is between 150 and 180 bpm, about twice that of a human (average 80 bpm).

Next myths yang kita nak tau tentang kucing....

Are these statements true or false?

  • Cats always land on their feet.(apabila jatuh kaki kucing yang mendarat dulu,camtu lah lebih kurang..)
  • Cats should drink milk everyday.
The correct answer to both is FALSE.

These are common misunderstandings that veterinarians frequently hear from pet owners, according to the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA). Following is a list of popular myths that AAHA veterinarians and The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) would like to dispel:

**Myth: Cats always land on their feet.
Fact: While cats instinctively fall feet first and may survive falls from high places, they also may receive broken bones in the process. Some kind of screening on balconies and windows can help protect pets from disastrous falls.

**Myth: Cats should drink milk everyday.
Fact: Most cats like milk, but do not need it if properly nourished. Also, many will get diarrhea if they drink too much milk. If it is given at all, the amount should be small and infrequent.

**Myth: Cats that are spayed(dimandulkan) or neutered automatically gain weight.
Fact: Like people, cats gain weight from eating too much, not exercising enough or both. In many cases, spaying or neutering is done at an age when the animal's metabolism already has slowed, and its need for food has decreased. If the cat continues to eat the same amount, it may gain weight. Cat owners can help their cats stay fit by providing exercise and not over-feeding.

**Myth: Cats cannot get rabies( penyakit anjing gila,,).
Fact: Actually, most warm-blooded mammals, including cats, bats, skunks and ferrets, can carry rabies. Like dogs, cats should be vaccinated regularly according to local laws.

**Myth: Indoor cats cannot get diseases.
Fact: Cats still are exposed to organisms that are carried through the air or brought in on a cat owner's shoes or clothing. Even the most housebound cat ventures outdoors at some time and can be exposed to diseases and worms through contact with other animals feces.

**Myth: Putting garlic on a pet's food will get rid of worms.
Fact: Garlic may make the animal's food taste better but has no effect on worms. The most effective way to treat worms is by medication prescribed by a veterinarian.

**Myth: Pregnant women should not own cats.
Fact: Some cats can be infected with a disease called toxoplasmosis, which occasionally can be spread to humans through cat litter boxes and cause serious problems in unborn babies. However, these problems can be controlled, if the expectant mother avoids contact with the litter box and assigns daily cleaning to a friend or other family member.

**Myth: A cat's sense of balance is in its whiskers.
Fact: Cats use their whiskers as "feelers" but not to maintain their balance.

**Myth: Animals heal themselves by licking their wounds.
Fact: Such licking actually can slow the healing process and further damage the wound.

Well,ada banyak lagi sebenarnya nak kongsi pasal kucing ni...Tapi nanti panjang berjela semua boring pulak..hihii..

So, nanti Aena update lain lah ye!!!! Lots more interesting facts nak share dengan kawan2!!!!